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Hindi Literature Syllabus – HPExams.in
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Hindi Literature Syllabus

PAPER-I

PART-A
HISTORY OF HINDI LANGUAGE

1. Evolution of Avadhi, Braj Bhasha as literary language during the Medieval period.
2. Evolution of Khari Boli Hindi as literary language during the 19th century.
3. Standardization of Hindi language with Devanagari script.
4. Major dialects of Hindi and their inter-relationship.
5. Significant grammatical features of standard Hindi.
PART- B
HISTORY OF HINDI LANGUAGE

1. Chief characteristics of the major periods of Hindi literature viz. Aadi Kaal, Bhakti Kaal, Reeti Kaal, Bhartendu Yug, Diwedi yug.
1.1 Some prominent poets – Chandvardai, Vidyapati, Kabir, Soordas, Tulsidas, Jayasi, Keshav, Meera, Bihari, Ghananand, Bhartendoo, Maithlisharana Gupta.
2. Significant features of the main literary trends and tendencies in modern Hindi viz. Chhayavad, Pragtivad, Prayogvad Nayi Kavita, Samkaaleen Kavita, Samkaaleen Kavita Ke Vividh aandolan, Nayi Kahani, Saathotri Kahani, Samkaaleen Kahani Ke Vividh aandolan.
2.1 Some prominent poets – Jai Shankar Prasad, Nirala, Ram Dhari Singh Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh.
2.2 Some prominent Novelists – Prem Chand, Jainendra, Yashpal, Renu, Bhishm Sahni.
2.3 Some prominent Short – Story writers – Prem Chand, Prasad, Mohan Rakesh, Gyanranjan, Udey Prakash.
3. Rise of Novel and realism in Modern Hindi.
4. A brief history of theatre & drama in Hindi.

PAPER-II

This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the candidates critical ability –
Kabir – ‘Kabir Granthavali’ by Shyam Sunder Das (200 Stanzas from the beginning).
Soordas – ‘Bharamar Geet Saar’ (200 Stanzas from the beginning).
Tulsidas – From ‘Ramcharitmanas’ (Ayodhiya Kaand only).
From ‘Kavitavali’ (Uttarakhand only).
Bhartendu Harishchandra – ‘Andher Nagri’ (Natak).
Prem Chand – ‘Godan’ (Novel) & ‘Mansarovar-Bhag-Ek’ (Short Stories).
Jayshankar Prasad – ‘Chandragupta’ (Natak).
Suryakant Tripathi Nirala – ‘Anamika’ (‘Saroj Smriti’, ‘Ram-Ki-Shakti Pooja’ Poems only).
Sachchida Nand Hiranad Vatsyayan Agyeya – ‘Shekhar ek Jeevani Two Parts’ (Novel).
Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh – ‘Chand Kaa Munh Tehra Hai’ (‘Andhere Mein’ poem only).
Nagarjun – ‘Yug Dhara’ (‘Kalidas sach sach Batlana,’ ‘Sindoor Tilkit Bhaal’ poems only).
Sudama Pandey Dhumil – ‘Sansad Se Sarak Tak’ (‘Patkatha’ poem only).

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