+91 8679200111

General Science Questions

  1. Which of the statements about the reaction below are incorrect?
    2PbO(s) + C(s) → 2Pb(s) + CO2(g)
    (a) Lead is getting reduced
    (b) Carbon Dioxide is getting oxidised
    (c) Carbon is getting oxidised
    (d) Lead oxide is getting reduced
    (i) (a) and (b)
    (ii) (a) and (c)
    (iii) (a), (b) and (c)
    (iv) all
    (i) (a) and (b)
  2. Fe2O3 + 2Al → Al2O3 + 2Fe
    The above reaction is an example of a
    A. Combination reaction.
    B. Double displacement reaction.
    C. Decomposition reaction.
    D. Displacement reaction.
    D. Displacement reaction.
  3. What happens when dilute hydrochloric acid is added to iron fillings? Tick the correct answer.
    A. Hydrogen gas and Iron chloride are produced.
    B. Chlorine gas and Iron hydroxide are produced.
    C. No reaction takes place.
    D. Iron salt and water are produced.
    A. Hydrogen gas and Iron chloride are produced.
  4. A solution turns red litmus blue, its pH is likely to be
    a) 1 (b) 4 (c) 5 (d) 10
    Solution: 10
  5. A solution reacts with crushed egg-shells to give a gas that turns lime-water milky. The solution contains
    a) NaCl (b) HCl (c) LiCl (d) KCl
    Solution: Answer is HCl.
  6. 10 mL of a solution of NaOH is found to be completely neutralised by 8 mL of a given solution of HCl. If we take 20 mL of the same solution of NaOH, the amount HCl solution (the same solution as before) required to neutralise it will be
    (a) 4 mL (b) 8 mL (c) 12 mL (d) 16 mL
    Solution: D. 16mL.
  7. Which one of the following types of medicines is used for treating indigestion?
    (a) Antibiotic (b) Analgesic (c) Antacid (d) Antiseptic
    Solution:  Antacid.
  8. Which of the following pairs will give displacement reactions?
    (a) NaCl solution and copper metal
    (b) MgCl2 solution and aluminium metal
    (c) FeSO4 solution and silver metal
    (d) AgNO3 solution and copper metal
    Solution: Option d i.e AgNO3 solution and copper is correct answer.
  9. Which of the following methods is suitable for preventing an iron frying pan from rusting?
    A. Applying grease
    B. Applying paint
    C. Applying a coating of zinc
    D. All of the above
    Solution: Answer is (c) Applying a coat of Zinc
  10. An element reacts with oxygen to give a compound with a high melting point. This compound is also soluble in water. The element is likely to be
    (a) Calcium
    (b) Carbon
    (c) Silicon
    (d) Iron
    Solution: Correct answer is option (a) i.e Calcium.
  11. Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because
    (a) Zinc is costlier than tin.
    (b) Zinc has a higher melting point than tin.
    (c) Zinc is more reactive than tin.
    (d) Zinc is less reactive than tin.
    Solution: Answer is c.
  12. Ethane, with the molecular formula C2H6 has
    (a) 6 covalent bonds.
    (b) 7 covalent bonds.
    (c) 8 covalent bonds.
    (d) 9 covalent bonds
    Solution: Ethane, with the molecular formula C2H6 has 7 covalent bonds
  13. Butanone is a four-carbon compound with the functional group
    (a) carboxylic acid
    (b) aldehyde
    (c) ketone
    (d) alcohol
    Solution: Answer is option C i.e Ketone.

14. While cooking, if the bottom of the vessel is getting blackened on the outside, it means that
(a) the food is not cooked completely.
(b) the fuel is not burning completely.
(c) the fuel is wet.
(d) the fuel is burning completely.
Solution: Answer is option b. 

  1. Which of the following statements is not a correct statement about the trends when going from left to right across the periods of Periodic Table.
    (a) The elements become less metallic in nature.
    (b) The number of valence electrons increases.
    (c) The atoms lose their electrons more easily.
    (d) The oxides become more acidic
    Correct answer is c .
  2. Element X forms a chloride with the formula XCl2, which is a solid with a high melting point. X would most likely be in the same group of the Periodic Table as (a) Na (b) Mg (c) AI (d) Si
    Answer is Magnesium
  3. The kidneys in human beings are a part of the system for
    (a) nutrition
    (b) respiration.
    (c) excretion.
    (d) transportation
    Solution- (c) excretion
  4. The xylem in plants are responsible for
    (a) transport of water .
    (b) transport of food.
    (c) transport of amino acids.
    (d) transport of oxygen.
    (a) transport of water .
  5. The autotrophic mode of nutrition requires
    (a) carbon dioxide and water.
    (b) chlorophyll.
    (c) sunlight.
    (d) all of the above.
    (d) all of the above.
  6. The breakdown of pyruvate to give carbon dioxide, water and energy takes place in
    (a) cytoplasm.
    (b) mitochondria.
    (c) chloroplast.
    (d) nucleus
    (b) mitochondria
  7. Which of the following is a plant hormone?
    (a) Insulin
    (b) Thyroxin
    (c) Oestrogen
    (d) Cytokinin
    Solution- d) cytokinin.
  8. The gap between two neurons is called a
    (a) Dendrite.
    (b) Synapse.
    (c) Axon.
    (d) Impulse.
    Solution- (b) Synapse
  9. The brain is responsible for
    (a) Thinking.
    (b) Regulating the heartbeat.
    (c) Balancing the body.
    (d) all of the above.
    Answer is (d) all the above
  10. Asexual reproduction takes place through budding in
    (a) Amoeba
    (b) Yeast
    (c) Plasmodium
    (d) Leishmania
    (b) Yeast
  11. Which of the following is not a part of the female reproductive system in human beings?
    (a) Ovary
    (b) Uterus
    (c) Vas deferens
    (d) Fallopian tube
    (c) Vas deferens
  12. The anther contains
    (a) Sepals
    (b) Ovules
    (c) Pistil
    (d) Pollen grains
    (d) Pollen grains.
  13. A Mendelian experiment consisted of breeding tall pea plants bearing violet flowers with short pea plants bearing white flowers. The progeny all bore violet flowers, but almost half of them were short. This suggests that the genetic make-up of the tall parent can be depicted as
    (a) TTWW
    (b) TTww
    (c) TtWW
    (d) TtWw
    Solution: (c)
  14. An example of homologous organs is
    (a) Our arm and a dog’s fore-leg.
    (b) Our teeth and an elephant’s tusks.
    (c) Potato and runners of grass.
    (d) All of the above.
    Solution: – (d)
    a whale’s flippers, a frog’s forelimbs, and man are called homologous organs.
  15. In evolutionary terms, we have more in common with
    (a) A Chinese school-boy.
    (b) A chimpanzee.
    (c) A spider.
    (d) A bacterium.
    Solution: (a)
  16. Which one of the following materials cannot be used to make a lens?
    (a) Water
    (b) Glass
    (c) Plastic
    (d) Clay
    Answer –
    (d) Clay
  17. The image formed by a concave mirror is observed to be virtual, erect and larger than the object. Where should be the position of the object?
    (a) Between the principal focus and the centre of curvature
    (b) At the centre of curvature
    (c) Beyond the centre of curvature
    (d) Between the pole of the mirror and its principal focus.
    (d) The position of the object should be between the pole of the mirror and its principal focus.
  18. Where should an object be placed in front of a convex lens to get a real image of the size of the object?
    (a) At the principal focus of the lens
    (b) At twice the focal length
    (c) At infinity
    (d) Between the optical centre of the lens and its principal focus.
    Answer –
    (b) The object should be placed at twice the focal length
  19. A spherical mirror and a thin spherical lens have a focal length of -15 cm. The mirror and the lens are likely to be
    (a) both concave
    (b) both convex
    (c) the mirror is concave and the lens is convex
    (d) the mirror is convex, but the lens is concave
    Answer –
    (a) Both are likely to be concave.
  20. No matter how far you stand from a mirror, your image appears erect. The mirror is likely to be
    (a) plane
    (b) concave
    (c) convex
    (d) either plane or convex
    Answer –
    (d) The mirrors are likely to be either plane or convex
  21. Which of the following lenses would you prefer to use while reading small letters found in a dictionary?
    (a) A convex lens of focal length 50 cm
    (b) A concave lens of focal length 50 cm
    (c) A convex lens of focal length 5 cm
    (d) A concave lens of focal length 5 cm
    Answer –
    (c) A convex lens of focal length 5 cm
  22. The human eye can focus objects at different distances by adjusting the focal length of the eye lens. This is due to
    (a) presbyopia
    (b) accommodation
    (c) near-sightedness
    (d) far-sightedness
    (b) accommodation
  23. The human eye forms an image of an object at its
    (a) cornea
    (b) iris
    (c) pupil
    (d) retina
    Answer –
    (d) retina
  24. The least distance of distinct vision for a young adult with normal vision is about
    (a) 25 m
    (b) 2.5 cm
    (c) 25 cm
    (d) 2.5 m
    Answer –
    (c) 25 cm
  25. The change in focal length of an eye lens is caused by the action of the
    (a) pupil
    (b) retina
    (c) ciliary muscles
    (d) iris
    (c) ciliary muscles
  26. A piece of wire of resistance R is cut into five equal parts. These parts are then connected in parallel. If the equivalent resistance of this combination is R′, then the ratio R/R′ is _.
    (a) 1/25
    (b) 1/5
    (c) 5
    (d) 25
    Solution: D. 25
  27. Which of the following does not represent electrical power in a circuit?
    (a) I2R
    (b) IR2
    (c) VI
    (d) V2/R
    Solution- b) IR2
  28. An electric bulb is rated 220 V and 100 W. When it is operated on 110 V, the power consumed will be _.
    (a) 100 W
    (b) 75 W
    (c) 50 W
    (d) 25 W
    Solution: 25 W
  29. Two conducting wires of the same material and of equal lengths and equal diameters are first connected in series and then parallel in a circuit across the same potential difference. The ratio of heat produced in series and parallel combinations would be _.
    (a) 1:2
    (b) 2:1
    (c) 1:4
    (d) 4:1
    Solution:- 1:4.
  30. Which of the following correctly describes the magnetic field near a long straight wire?
    A. The field consists of straight lines perpendicular to the wire.
    B. The field consists of straight lines parallel to the wire.
    C.The field consists of radial lines originating from the wire.
    D. The field consists of concentric circles centered on the wire.
    d. The field consists of concentric circles centered on the wire.
  31. The phenomenon of electromagnetic induction is
    A. the process of charging a body.
    B. the process of generating magnetic field due to a current passing through a coil.
    C. producing induced current in a coil due to relative motion between a magnet and the coil.
    D. the process of rotating a coil of an electric motor.
    c. producing induced current in a coil due to relative motion between a magnet and the coil.
  32. The device used for producing electric current is called a
    A. generator
    B. galvanometer
    C. ammeter
    D. motor
    a. generator
  33. The essential difference between an AC generator and a DC generator is that
    A. AC generator has an electromagnet while a DC generator has permanent magnet.
    B. DC generator will generate a higher voltage.
    C. AC generator will generate a higher voltage.
    D. AC generator has slip rings while the DC generator has a commutator.
    d. AC generator has slip rings while the DC generator has a commutator.
  34. At the time of short circuit, the current in the circuit
    A. reduces substantially.
    B. does not change.
    C. increases heavily.
    D. vary continuously.
    c. increases heavily
  35. A solar water heater cannot be used to get hot water on
    a. A sunny day
    b. A cloudy day
    c. A hot day
    d. A windy day
    Solution: b) A cloudy day
  36. Which of the following is not an example of a bio-mass energy source?
    a. Wood
    b. Gobar-gas
    c. Nuclear energy
    d. Coal
    Solution: c) Nuclear energy
  37. Most of the sources of energy we use represent stored solar energy. Which of the following is not ultimately derived from the sun’s energy?
    a. Geothermal energy
    b. Wind energy
    c. Nuclear energy
    d. Bio-mass
    Solution: c) Nuclear energy
  38. Which of the following groups contain only biodegradable items?
    a. Grass, flowers and leather
    b. Grass, wood and plastic
    c. Fruit peels, cake and lime juice
    d. Cake, wood and grass
    a) Grass, flowers and leather
    c) Fruit peels, cake and lime juice
    d) Cake, wood and grass
  39. Which of the following constitute a food-chain?
    a. Grass, wheat and mango
    b. Grass, goat and human
    c. Goat, cow and elephant
    d. Grass, fish and goat
    b. Grass, goat and human
  40. Which of the following are environment-friendly practices?
    a. Carrying cloth bags to put purchases in while shopping
    b. Switching off unnecessary lights and fans
    c. Walking to school instead of getting your mother to drop you on her scooter
    d. All of the above
    Solution: d) All of the above
  41. Which circuit connection is used in our homes?
    A. Series
    B. Parallel
    C. Both
    D. None
    Solution- B. Parallel

Leave a Reply